Advantages of 64-bit Computing

Few would dispute that the recent arrival of 64-bit processors in business and consumer PCs marks a significant milestone, but calling it a breakthrough is premature. More and more PCs are shipped with 64-bit processors and 64-bit Windows as the default operating system. As the price of memory continues to fall, it is more affordable to include large amounts of RAM to take advantage of the increased computing power 64-bit systems offer. However, that will have to wait until more critical applications are rewritten to exploit the new chips’ horsepower fully.

The ability to access much more memory lets 64-bit systems process more data per cycle. This in turn enables more scalable, higher performing computing configurations.4 It also allows for the development of more far more sophisticated models and software applications.

The expansion of 64-bit processors comes at a time when hardware prices continue to fall. Virtually all PCs have been shipping with multicore processors for some years now, and the price of RAM has gotten lower and lower. This means that very powerful desktops, servers, or clusters of multiple computers can be assembled relatively inexpensively, bringing what was once considered supercomputing power to the mainstream business audience.

As a result of these trends, High Performance Computing (HPC) systems are becoming commonplace. These HPC systems are clusters of multicore or multi-processor servers, running together in parallel processing to crunch more data, more frequently, and faster. Combined with HPC systems, 64-bit architecture represents an exponential improvement in performance for HPC systems.

64-bit computing also allows for more efficient multi-tasking, stress testing, data encryption, and other functions where 32-bit systems can fall short. And, 64-bit systems can support larger files more easily. For instance, a 4 GB file (which is not unusual) on a 32-bit system cannot be efficiently “mapped;” that is, only portions of the file can be accessed at a time, whereas with a 64-bit system, the entire file can be accessed at once.

About the Computer Science Degree

If you are a classroom wizard when it comes to solving math problems, have been tinkering with the computer ever since you could spell “computer,” or if your idea of a good Sunday afternoon is watching re-runs of Big Bang Theory or reading Dilbert, then you probably don’t have to spend sleepless nights worrying about which college major to choose.

Congratulations, for you are probably a perfect match for a computer science degree!

And if you’re wondering what you can do with a computer science degree, here are a few exciting careers that you might choose.

Software engineering: Computer software engineering is one of the more popular occupations among graduates of computer degree programs. Computer software engineers are responsible for designing and developing software that makes computers perform specific tasks. There are two main categories of computer software engineers-applications software engineers and systems software engineers. Since the use of computer applications is so widespread, software engineers can find employment in a variety of industries.

Programming: Although the terms “computer programming” and “software engineering” are often used interchangeably, there are subtle differences between the two roles. While software engineers design software, programmers convert that design into logical code that actually makes the software work. Programmers write programs using various programming languages like C#, C++,.NET, Java, etc. and are also responsible for repairing broken code and updating existing programs.

Network and system administration: These professionals design, install, and maintain an organization’s computer systems. They are entrusted with the responsibility of deploying network hardware and software on employee systems; ensuring uninterrupted network connectivity; and troubleshooting problems whenever they arise.

Database administration: Database administrators, or DBAs, are responsible for the design, implementation, maintenance, storage, and repair of an organization’s databases. Their job is to ensure the optimum performance of the company’s databases and design, as well as to implement improvement strategies. They work closely with systems administrators, software developers, and other technology staff of an organization.

Information security specialists: This is one of the most important IT jobs, given the increased threat from cyber-attacks that modern-age computer systems face. Computer security specialists, also known as information security specialists, have the crucial job of ensuring the security of an organization’s information systems and preventing access by unauthorized and destructive forces. To protect their company’s information systems, information security specialists install and monitor security software; train users on how to ensure their computer’s security; spread awareness about the importance of maintaining systems security; and respond to security breaches.

Telecommunication specialists: These professionals are responsible for designing, installing, and maintaining audio, visual, or data communication systems. They are also responsible for diagnosing and repairing problems with communication equipment.

Web development: Web developers create web applications by using the various software languages and tools at their disposal. They may be responsible only for the back-end technical aspects of web development or can be involved with creating the front-end layout and design of a website. Web developers also maintain and enhance the performance of existing applications.