About the Computer Science Degree

If you are a classroom wizard when it comes to solving math problems, have been tinkering with the computer ever since you could spell “computer,” or if your idea of a good Sunday afternoon is watching re-runs of Big Bang Theory or reading Dilbert, then you probably don’t have to spend sleepless nights worrying about which college major to choose.

Congratulations, for you are probably a perfect match for a computer science degree!

And if you’re wondering what you can do with a computer science degree, here are a few exciting careers that you might choose.

Software engineering: Computer software engineering is one of the more popular occupations among graduates of computer degree programs. Computer software engineers are responsible for designing and developing software that makes computers perform specific tasks. There are two main categories of computer software engineers-applications software engineers and systems software engineers. Since the use of computer applications is so widespread, software engineers can find employment in a variety of industries.

Programming: Although the terms “computer programming” and “software engineering” are often used interchangeably, there are subtle differences between the two roles. While software engineers design software, programmers convert that design into logical code that actually makes the software work. Programmers write programs using various programming languages like C#, C++,.NET, Java, etc. and are also responsible for repairing broken code and updating existing programs.

Network and system administration: These professionals design, install, and maintain an organization’s computer systems. They are entrusted with the responsibility of deploying network hardware and software on employee systems; ensuring uninterrupted network connectivity; and troubleshooting problems whenever they arise.

Database administration: Database administrators, or DBAs, are responsible for the design, implementation, maintenance, storage, and repair of an organization’s databases. Their job is to ensure the optimum performance of the company’s databases and design, as well as to implement improvement strategies. They work closely with systems administrators, software developers, and other technology staff of an organization.

Information security specialists: This is one of the most important IT jobs, given the increased threat from cyber-attacks that modern-age computer systems face. Computer security specialists, also known as information security specialists, have the crucial job of ensuring the security of an organization’s information systems and preventing access by unauthorized and destructive forces. To protect their company’s information systems, information security specialists install and monitor security software; train users on how to ensure their computer’s security; spread awareness about the importance of maintaining systems security; and respond to security breaches.

Telecommunication specialists: These professionals are responsible for designing, installing, and maintaining audio, visual, or data communication systems. They are also responsible for diagnosing and repairing problems with communication equipment.

Web development: Web developers create web applications by using the various software languages and tools at their disposal. They may be responsible only for the back-end technical aspects of web development or can be involved with creating the front-end layout and design of a website. Web developers also maintain and enhance the performance of existing applications.

Computer Vision Syndrome

Almost everyone these days is using a computer for work or play. We spend a lot of time staring at our computer screens and many people are experiencing vision related problems. The eyestrain, blurred vision and headaches that often come with computer use are called Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS). Studies indicate that up to 80% of computer users have vision related problems or CVS. Many computer users do not associate their symptoms with the time they spend on the computer. Some assume that their headaches or eyestrain are from job stress, or that their tired eyes are an expected part of their job. Computer glasses are special glasses designed for your computer environment. They will make your computer time more productive and comfortable. One of the causes of CVS is due to the nature of text and graphics on a computer screen. The image on a monitor is created with pixels of light, which are glowing dots that are brightest at their center, with their luminance falling to zero towards their edge in a bell-shaped fashion. Print on paper usually has sharp high-contrast edges.

The human visual cortex has special cells that are very good at recognizing high-contrast edges like print on paper. These cells are important to our basic visual perception system, because much of what we see as a “thing” in the natural world is shaped by high-contrast edges. Our eyes can lock onto sharp contrast edges but have a difficult time maintaining exact focus on a pixel-created edge. When we look at a computer screen, our eyes have to exert muscular effort to focus for that distance and must ideally maintain that effort as long as we are looking at the screen. In fact, what happens is that the focusing effort gradually relaxes and then must be re-focused to the plane of the screen. Over time the muscles fatigue and CVS symptoms become apparent.