Knowing about Organic Farming

In agriculture, organic farming is a form that makes use of green manure and crop rotation techniques. It is beneficial in maintaining soil productivity and pest controlling on farms. Use of manufactured fertilizers and pesticide are excluded in organic farming. Plant growth regulators like hormones, food additives, genetically modified organisms, etc are also excluded in this type or farming.

There are many benefits to organic farming for both the environment and the people who enjoy organic crops. When most people think of organic farming, they think of going back to traditional, old ways from thousands of years ago. While many of the farming methods used in the past are still quite useful, today’s organic farming combines these methods with modern science and scientific knowledge.

Methods and materials used in organic farming:

To maintain and build good fertility and soil structure:

• Use of compost (animal and plant residues)/ recycled animal manures and crop waste
• Correct soil cultivation at correct time
• Crop Rotation
• Legumes and green manures
• Mulching

For controlling pests, weeds and diseases:

• Corp choice and cautious planning
• Making use of resistant crops
• Encouraging pest eating predators
• Increasing genetic diversity
• Use of natural pesticides
• Crop rotation

Organic farming further includes:

• Cautious use of water resources
• Animal Husbandry

Advantages of organic farming:

• Reduces soil erosion
• Helpful in maintaining soil fertility
• It is fundamental in supporting the continued existence of wildlife in the lowlands
• Beneficial for dairy industry because cattle grazing on organic farms are less prone to infection or diseases and yield more milk
• Organic food products neither contains any harmful chemicals nor artificial preservatives or flavors
• Because of absence of pesticides and synthetic fertilizers, original nutrition of the agricultural products is maintained
• Reduces the risk of heart diseases
• Delight for taste buds